An Overview of Routing Protocols

Known as a special protocol that applies metrics in order to identify the specific path that can be used to transfer data across a particular network, a routing protocol is an efficient computer tool for determining the different routing algorithm. Some of the metrics that protocols commonly use include bandwidth, load, cost and delay. These protocols can be categorized into two namely, the interior protocols and the exterior protocols. Aside from these categories, they can also be classified into link state as well as distance vector routing protocols. Know more about them by comparing these kinds and by having a closer look at a router setup.

A Comparison Between Exterior and Interior Protocols

An interior protocol is also used for computer networks within a particular group. On the other hand, an exterior protocol is helpful for determining router protocols between different organizations. In addition to these facts, some of the most popular interior gateway protocols are the Intermediate system to intermediate system (IS-IS) and the Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP). When it comes to the most used exterior protocol, most computer network administrators use the Border Gateway Protocol (also called as BGP).

A Comparison Between Direct Vector and Link State Routing Protocols

The routing paths of distance vector routing protocols depend on the distance of a particular computer system in terms of network layers. On the other hand, the decisions of link state protocols depend on the data that are transferred from other routing devices in other networks. Examples of distance vector routing protocols are EIGRP and RIP while link state protocols include IS-IS.

Additional Information and Other Important Details About Routing Protocols

Determining the different kinds of protocols are essential to an efficient router set up. When setting up a routing device, it is important that computer users select a comfortable location such as a table or an open floor space. Afterwards, turn the device on and look for the modem of the host. Connect it to the routing device using Ethernet cables. Try to connect a laptop or PC to the device to configure it. Using the connected PC, launch its web browser to see the administration tool of the router. Look for the documentation of this device to login at the website. Complete the installation process of the routing device. After installing it, do not forget to change its password to avoid data leak or transferring confidential data to other computers.

Source by Brian Jones Jr.